Ivan Mijatović, LLB – Chief Police inspector, Ministry of Interior, PNUSKOK (National Police Office for Suppression of Corruption and Organised Crime), High-Tech Crime Department.
He has been working in the Ministry of Interior since 1st July 1993, when he started working in the Economic Crime Unit within Zagreb Police Department. During the period from 1994 to 1999, among other cases, he worked on cases including breach of intellectual property rights. In this context, he organised the activity “Author”, covering the jurisdiction of Zagreb Police Department, as the first activity of this kind in Croatia, which set an example for similar activities that were later organised in other police departments.
He started investigating computer crime in 1995, when he completed basic training in computer crime organised in cooperation with Scotland Yard. He extended and improved his knowledge on a number of occasions and seminars, training sessions, workshops and other forms of training offered by Croatian and foreign institutions. They include “International Workshop on Combating Computer Crime” (Dubrovnik), “Training Course on Combating the Sexual Exploitation of Children on the Internet“ (Selm, Germany), “International Seminar on prevention and response to cyber-attacks” (Yerevan, Armenia), “Computer Forensics – Basic course” (Budapest, Hungary), “Cyber Crime – Advanced course” (Budenheim, Germany), International workshop for 24/7 contact points for cybercrime (Rome, Italy), Congress on e-crime co-organised by the National Crime Agency in Great Britain – NCA (London, Great Britain) etc.
He gave a series lectures on different occasions, such as the Plenary session of the Cybercrime Convention Committee (Strasbourg, France), RACVIAC Regional Conference on the Impact of Cybercrime on the Economic Environment of the South East European Region (Rakitje), international conference on the occasion of a kick-off event for the Council of Europe “GLACY” project (Dakar, Senegal), OSCE regional conference on high-tech crime (Budva, Montenegro), DataFocus 2013 (Zagreb), Judicial Academy in Zagreb etc. He moderated a number of seminars, conferences and training courses.
He is a member of several working groups in Croatia and Croatian delegations in other countries.
He received two annual awards by the Minister of Interior in 1996 and 2005.
International cooperation and securing digital evidence
International organised crime is adapting to new circumstances by embracing new technologies and is increasingly using computers, other electronic gadgets, and the Internet, so that the new generations of perpetrators have indeed created a new offense category. The perpetrators’ good knowledge of cybercrime techniques is a serious signal to the international community and its members, including Croatia, that this type of criminal activity needs special attention. This type of crime does not only result in financial losses, but also violates the fundamental human rights to respect for one's private life, home and correspondence, and perpetrators of this crime often want to instill a feeling of insecurity and danger in the target population.
Given the widespread and growing use of computers and other electronic equipment, and the Internet, sophisticated methods for the abuse of information technology, taking advantage of computer and security system weaknesses and high-level anonymity which allows for the long distance between the perpetrator and the victim, there is a growing need for intense international cooperation in prevention and fight against this type of criminal activity.
Digital evidence is fragile and can easily be erased, changed and compromised; it is easy to hide and transport digital evidence across borders. This is another reason for which this cooperation should be constantly improved, and mutual trust between the partners is a priority in this process. Without retrieval, securing and exchange of digital evidence, the fight against cybercrime may not be as successful. For this reason, we should make the most of all available opportunities, in particular, 24/7 Combating Cyber Crime Global Network.